Phishing is a prevalent online scam that preys on individuals' trust and fear to trick them into revealing sensitive information to fraudsters. In this article, we delve into the world of phishing, exploring its deceptive tactics and how to recognize phishing attempts targeting cryptocurrency owners. Additionally, we discuss steps you can take to prevent falling victim to phishing, such as keeping software up to date, using strong passwords, and enabling two-factor authentication.
How does phishing work?
Phishing is a type of scam where the malicious actor (the phisher), attempts to trick individuals into revealing sensitive information. This information could be anything from usernames and passwords to other personal information. They are not hackers and use social engineering or other tricks to gain access to your account. Phishing is typically done with fake emails, websites, or social media posts that appear to be from a trustworthy source.
The goal of phishing attacks is to deceive the victim into thinking that they are interacting with a legitimate person or entity. In fact, they are providing their information to a fraudster: the phisher. Once the phisher has obtained the victim's personal information, they can use it to commit identity theft, make unauthorized purchases, or gain access to accounts.
Phishing attacks can be highly effective because they often exploit human vulnerabilities, such as trust and fear. It is important to be cautious when receiving unsolicited emails or messages and to verify the authenticity of any requests for personal information before providing it.
How to recognize phishing?
Phishing attacks targeting crypto owners are unfortunately very common. Here are some ways to recognize phishing:
1. Check the sender’s email
One thing to check first is the sender's email. Scammers often use slight variations of the actual email address (using a capital "i" instead of "l"). Some scammers do not put any effort in the sender's email address and it will be very apparent. For example, if you were to receive an email from email@example.com this would likely be a fake email.
However, technically skilled phishers can change the sender's name and email address to match the company's email. So, checking the sender's email address alone is not enough!
2. Check the URL
Phishing websites will often use a domain name that is similar to the legitimate one but with slight variations. Always double-check the domain name and ensure that it is spelled correctly. You can find the URL in the address bar in your web browser.
Make sure that the domain name is spelled correctly and is the one you intended to visit. Be aware of variations in spelling or slight differences in the domain name, as this could indicate a phishing attempt.
Look for a padlock icon. If the website uses SSL encryption to secure the connection, you should see a padlock icon in the address bar. Click on the icon to see more information about the website's security.
Tip: save your favorite websites in your bookmarks. This way, you can directly go to the real website. Do not always trust the top result in Google without checking for signs of phishing, since fraudsters sometimes buy Google ads with their fake phishing domains!
3. Check the email layout
Nowadays, most phishing emails copy the original design almost flawlessly. But certainly not all. So if you receive an email with very obvious spelling mistakes or a weird layout, do not trust them to be legit. This doesn't mean that a legitimate company can never have a typo in their emails. But be extra wary of these signals.
Check your data
Nowadays, there are tons of illegitimately obtained user data available. Most of it is sold on the dark web. An easy tool to find out whether your data isn’t public is by checking www.haveibeenpwned.com. Here you can see for yourself whether you are at a higher risk. But, even when your information isn't mentioned on this website, it is still vital to remain cautious.
What can I do to prevent phishing?
Phishing attacks can cause serious harm if you fall victim to them. However, there are several steps you can take to prevent phishing:
- Keep your software up to date: Phishing attacks often exploit vulnerabilities in outdated software. It is imperative to regularly update your operating system, web browser, and other software to incorporate the latest security patches.
- Use strong passwords: Generate robust and distinctive passwords for every account. Perhaps use a reliable password manager to store them. Steer clear of commonly used passwords, such as "123456" or "password" or something with your personal data like your name or date of birth in it.
- Enable two-factor authentication: Two-factor authentication adds an extra layer of security. It requires a second form of verification, such as a code in a text message or using an authentication app on your phone.
- Be cautious of unsolicited emails and messages: Phishing attacks often start with an unsolicited email or message. Be wary of any requests for personal information or links to unfamiliar websites. Emails claiming you have won a prize are also often used by phishers. If you are unsure, contact customer support to check if the email is legitimate.
In today's digital world, protecting yourself from phishing attacks is essential. By being vigilant and following the guidelines provided in this article, you can reduce the risk of falling victim to these scams. Stay informed, stay secure, and stay one step ahead of phishing threats.
The information provided in our articles is intended solely for general informational purposes and does not constitute (financial) advice.